Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power]


  • Hardcover
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  • The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power
  • Niall Ferguson
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  • 21 April 2020
  • 9780735222915

10 thoughts on “Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power]

  1. says: Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power]

    Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power] Niall Ferguson æ 8 summary free download ¸ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Niall Ferguson 35 stars for fuelling debateMore polemic than history Ferguson has certainly digested a huge amount of material and tries to re cast the entire history of mankind as a constant struggle between the power of hierarchies and networks This kind of systematic binary categorisation however tends to simplify his visi

  2. says: characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power] free download ¸ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Niall Ferguson

    Niall Ferguson æ 8 summary free download ¸ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Niall Ferguson Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power] Staggering political naivete a time when intellectual diversity is the form of diversity that seems to be least valued in universities cSome among my contemporaries pursued wealth; few achieved it without at least a period of indentured servitude usually working for a bank cImitation is indeed the sincerest form of flatte

  3. says: Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power] characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power

    Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power] This book by the always fascinating Niall Ferguson though his main product for sale is always himself analyzes capsule summaries of episodes from history in order to negatively contrast spontaneous networked action the “suare” with hierarchical control the “tower” Two theses flow from this one stated early on the o

  4. says: Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power] Niall Ferguson æ 8 summary free download ¸ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Niall Ferguson

    Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power] I am a big fan of Niall Ferguson's writing He has the gift of being able to explain a complex subject in a lively entertaining but intellectu

  5. says: characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power] free download ¸ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Niall Ferguson

    Niall Ferguson æ 8 summary free download ¸ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Niall Ferguson Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power] Niall Ferguson is the author of among other works a superb history of the British Empire I came to this book with high expectations and found it a huge disappointmentIts central thesis is meant to be that networks of people who may be

  6. says: characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power Niall Ferguson æ 8 summary Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power]

    Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power] characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power Not very good I usually enjoy this author’s work but not this reread About the only good thing about this book is the idea of a history of social networks The organization is not goodthe chapters are too short and not in depth enough and are inconsistent throughout at tying things together The writing is dry and it was a struggle to finish The content wasn’t really new research seemed to be bits and piece

  7. says: Niall Ferguson æ 8 summary free download ¸ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Niall Ferguson characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power

    Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power] I was approved for a copy for review via NetGalleySadly this was a DNF for me at 20% I am personally not the biggest fan of non fiction works and found some of the terminology difficult to understand I did like the use of diagrams though as this made the chapters look visual Sadly I lost interest and will not be finishing

  8. says: Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power]

    Niall Ferguson æ 8 summary free download ¸ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Niall Ferguson characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power The Suare and the Tower by Niall Ferguson Networks The Suare Tower Hierarchies interestingly Ferguson points out that netwo

  9. says: Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power]

    characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power] This is a big book in many ways Niall Ferguson is a British historian who takes on complex issues In this book he attempts mostly successfully to describe the characteristics of networks and hierarchies He begins with a discussion of

  10. says: free download ¸ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Niall Ferguson Niall Ferguson æ 8 summary characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power

    Pdf/E–book [The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power] Niall Ferguson æ 8 summary characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power Drawing on the best modern scholarship this book seeks to rescue the history of networks from the clutches of the conspiracy theorists and to show that historical change often can and should be understood in terms of precisely such network based challenges to hierarchical orders In both the Introduction to and the Afterword following the meat of The Suare and the Tower author Niall Ferguson invokes the image of the Piazza del Campo in Sien

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The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power

characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power summary The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power 108 Ferguson argues that networks have always been with us from the structure of the brain to the food chain from the family tree to freemasonry Throughout history hierarchies housed in high towers have claimed to rule but often real power has resided in the networks in the town suare below For it is networks that tend to innovate And it is through networks that revolutionary ideas can contagiously spread Just because conspiracy theorists like to fantasize about such networks doesn't mean they are not realFrom the cults of ancient Rome to the dynasties of the Renaissan. I am a big fan of Niall Ferguson s writing He has the gift of being able to explain a complex subject in a lively entertaining but intellectually responsible way perhaps nowhere so than in his wonderful 2008 book Money a financial history of the worldI therefore looked forward to reading The Suare and the Tower In fact I was biased toward it before I even opened it The fact that I can only give it three stars is an indication of my disappointment This book has a feeling of being rushed as if to fulfil a contractual deadline At times Ferguson appears to contradict what he has written elsewhere but without explaining the new evidence that has caused him to re think such as his account of the rise of the Rothschilds which seems very different to the account he gave in Money At other times he breathlessly introduces fascinating material which he eually breathlessly leaves hanging such as his comments about excessive White mortality rates in the US on page 363 in my edition But it is his sins of omission that particularly disappointed me Perhaps the best example of the rise and fall of a powerful political network in recent times has been the Afrikaner Broederbond which dominated South Africa for several decades Since the conseuences of the fall of apartheid are still with us I would have expected at least an entire chapter on this particular power network It isn t even mentioned The Adventures of Rusty of the brain to the food chain from the family tree to freemasonry Throughout history hierarchies housed in high towers have claimed to rule but Bittersweet Harvest often real power has resided in the networks in the town suare below For it is networks that tend to innovate And it is through networks that revolutionary ideas can contagiously spread Just because conspiracy theorists like to fantasize about such networks doesn't mean they are not realFrom the cults The Internet Book Everything You Need to Know About Computer Networking and How the Internet Works 4th Edition of ancient Rome to the dynasties The Seduction of MrsPendlebury of the Renaissan. I am a big fan The ueen from Provence Plantagenet Saga #6 of being able to explain a complex subject in a lively entertaining but intellectually responsible way perhaps nowhere so than in his wonderful 2008 book Money a financial history Mamá of the worldI therefore looked forward to reading The Suare and the Tower In fact I was biased toward it before I even Fearless Jack opened it The fact that I can When Mutants Attack Rise of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles only give it three stars is an indication The Film Club A True Story of a Father and Son of my disappointment This book has a feeling Fearless of being rushed as if to fulfil a contractual deadline At times Ferguson appears to contradict what he has written elsewhere but without explaining the new evidence that has caused him to re think such as his account Real Time of the rise Tarascon Pediatric Emergency Pocketbook 5th Edition of the Rothschilds which seems very different to the account he gave in Money At The Bomber Dog other times he breathlessly introduces fascinating material which he eually breathlessly leaves hanging such as his comments about excessive White mortality rates in the US Novelas de Isabel Allende of The Success Secrets Of Brian Tracy How To Achieve Your Goals And Be Succesful omission that particularly disappointed me Perhaps the best example Dreams Made Flesh of the rise and fall Ninth Grade Slays The Chronicles of Vladimir Tod #2 of a powerful political network in recent times has been the Afrikaner Broederbond which dominated South Africa for several decades Since the conseuences The Fearless Critic Portland Restaurant Guide of the fall Murder of Crows of apartheid are still with us I would have expected at least an entire chapter Top Secret Executive Resumes Second Edition on this particular power network It isn t even mentioned

free download ¸ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Niall Ferguson

characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power summary The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power 108 Ce from the founding fathers to Facebook The Suare and the Tower tells the story of the rise fall and rise of networks and shows how network theory concepts such as clustering degrees of separation weak ties contagions and phase transitions can transform our understanding of both the past and the presentJust as The Ascent of Money put Wall Street into historical perspective so The Suare and the Tower does the same for Silicon Valley And it offers a bold prediction about which hierarchies will withstand this latest wave of network disruption and which will be topple. The Suare and the Tower by Niall Ferguson Networks The Suare Tower Hierarchies interestingly Ferguson points out that networks historically thought of as the powerless unwashed masses did in fact disrupt Hierarchies throughout history on a regular basis for instance The French American and Russian revolutions to name a couple even Henry Kissinger the consummate professional powerless as an individual but then hired by the US Presidential office and suddenly master in the tower of power Filled with interesting insights about the Illuminati lets deflate the hype some on genetics of ueen Victoria s children and grand children Kings ueens and Emperors of most of pre world war one Europe another notable network touched on Pizzaro and his small band of brothers who destroyed the ruling Inca Empire what did I learn don t under estimate the single human individual and beware of the ruthless self interested leaders in power As we move fully into the instantaneous digital information age just take notice of your own political landscape that surrounds you and make sure you and your community is safe Bittersweet Harvest of the rise fall and rise The Internet Book Everything You Need to Know About Computer Networking and How the Internet Works 4th Edition of networks and shows how network theory concepts such as clustering degrees The Seduction of MrsPendlebury of separation weak ties contagions and phase transitions can transform The ueen from Provence Plantagenet Saga #6 of both the past and the presentJust as The Ascent Mamá of Money put Wall Street into historical perspective so The Suare and the Tower does the same for Silicon Valley And it Fearless Jack offers a bold prediction about which hierarchies will withstand this latest wave When Mutants Attack Rise of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles of network disruption and which will be topple. The Suare and the Tower by Niall Ferguson Networks The Suare Tower Hierarchies interestingly Ferguson points The Film Club A True Story of a Father and Son out that networks historically thought Fearless of as the powerless unwashed masses did in fact disrupt Hierarchies throughout history Real Time on a regular basis for instance The French American and Russian revolutions to name a couple even Henry Kissinger the consummate professional powerless as an individual but then hired by the US Presidential Tarascon Pediatric Emergency Pocketbook 5th Edition office and suddenly master in the tower The Bomber Dog of power Filled with interesting insights about the Illuminati lets deflate the hype some Novelas de Isabel Allende of ueen Victoria s children and grand children Kings ueens and Emperors The Success Secrets Of Brian Tracy How To Achieve Your Goals And Be Succesful of most Dreams Made Flesh of pre world war Ninth Grade Slays The Chronicles of Vladimir Tod #2 one Europe another notable network touched The Fearless Critic Portland Restaurant Guide on Pizzaro and his small band Murder of Crows of brothers who destroyed the ruling Inca Empire what did I learn don t under estimate the single human individual and beware Top Secret Executive Resumes Second Edition of the ruthless self interested leaders in power As we move fully into the instantaneous digital information age just take notice Work Your Wardrobe of your Anne Ben Barbar Mıyım? own political landscape that surrounds you and make sure you and your community is safe

characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power

characters The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power summary The Suare and the Tower Networks Hierarchies and the Struggle for Global Power 108 Most history is hierarchical it's about emperors presidents prime ministers and field marshals It's about states armies and corporations It's about orders from on high Even history from below is often about trade unions and workers' parties But what if that's simply because hierarchical institutions create the archives that historians rely on What if we are missing the informal less well documented social networks that are the true sources of power and drivers of changeThe 21st century has been hailed as the Age of Networks However in The Suare and the Tower Niall. This book by the always fascinating Niall Ferguson though his main product for sale is always himself analyzes capsule summaries of episodes from history in order to negatively contrast spontaneous networked action the suare with hierarchical control the tower Two theses flow from this one stated early on the other only explicitly presented at the end The first is that our networked age is not uniue in fact it is the second such age and lessons are to be gained from this including that from a historical perspective networks are too often ignored in favor of focus on hierarchies The second is that networks with actual power are mostly anarchistic poisonThere is apparently a modern academic discipline called network theory in which statisticians and sociologists spend their days creating complex graphs to illustrate connections among everything from newts to nuclear power using math to uantify the contents of those graphs Network theory forms the basis of The Suare and the Tower which is full of spidery graphs with interlocking and overlapping lines of different thickness connecting circular nodes of various sizes This is interesting enough and sometimes even illuminating It is true though that Ferguson elides a variety of definitional problems For example he does point out that a hierarchy is merely a kind of network with limited or zero lateral connection between nodes But this combined with the many different types of networks adduced and Ferguson s admission that most networks are hierarchical in some respects necessarily implies a continuum between network and hierarchy not the sharp division on which Ferguson rests the entire book Another problem is that what the actual connections that constitute a network are is never discussed At one point the author does mention friendship intermarriage and membership of clubs but there is a big difference between marriage ties on the one hand and ties of supposed friendship on the other hand The reader realizes instinctively that not all network ties are created eual A chart of the connections among China s political elite is fascinating but what do the lines mean exactly This problem goes unaddressed and unsolvedBut it s Ferguson s book and this is how he has chosen to approach the matter By his own detailed admission in the Preface Ferguson is an inveterate networker not in the sense of handing out his card to strangers at cocktail parties but in that he like his hero Henry Kissinger is extremely well connected As he admits though he has no power Almost nobody reports to him and he is a member of no relevant hierarchy Looking at the individuals he thanks and at the footnotes which seem voluminous but are mostly ibid Ferguson at least for purposes of this book circulates in exactly the network I d expect not one where I am ever invited He name checks among others Francis Fukuyama Graham Allison Anne Marie Slaughter Robert Rubin and Marc Andreesen In other words he name checks the Davoisie the neoliberal elite Certainly Steve Bannon and Michael Anton don t like any of these people In itself that means little but what Ferguson nowhere admits about networks is that they can offer their participants much but they can also be insular and limiting Not that Ferguson seems either insular or limited in fact he seems remarkably open minded in these days of ever increasing forced conformity such as with his admission that he was wrong to vote against Brexit And he s not very woke among other examples he says that he turned to writing because the academic life turned out to be rather less well remunerated than the women in my life seemed to expect Tool of the patriarchy Nonetheless the reader should probably remember that a network can be a prison as well as a keyFerguson chooses to start his discussion of networks with talk of an imaginary network the Illuminati There was a real Illuminati of course a German secret society in the late 1700s of the type favored by intellectuals of the time which attracted uite a few prominent men but was rapidly and permanently suppressed by the Bavarian government The end But of course ever since conspiracy theorists have postulated the society s continued existence ascribing to it world spanning power and putting it at the center of or as the most important node of to use network theory terms a network that rules the world I have never been attracted to conspiracy theories because they are irrational Certainly there are conspiracies but it is also certain as Benjamin Franklin said that Three can keep a secret if two of them are dead Conspiracies tightly constrained in membership and time can sometimes succeed a topic on which Machiavelli has much to say But over any significant time frame at some point some conspirator will find it profitable to betray the conspiracy if for no other reason than to clear his conscience However as Ferguson points out not only have the Illuminati and other networks including real ones such as the Freemasons never had all the power often ascribed to them the past 250 years have been a time of hierarchical dominance culminating in the mid twentieth century Our age though is the age of resurgent and newly powerful networks in the form of both secretive Muslim terror networks and what could otherwise not be different public networks embodied in businesses of great power and these networks do not play nice with the hierarchies that have dominated our world for the past two centuriesThat the Illuminati are grossly overrated is not to say that networks have not often been important In fact one of Ferguson s points is that the role of networks in history has been underappreciated because it s easier to record data about remember and write about the institutions created by hierarchies Another under addressed definitional problem is connected to this though the distinction between networks lacking power like the Rotary Club and other civil associations or Ferguson s own connections that get him access to research material and networks with power The former are unimportant in this context but what s the dividing line and what gives a network power Before we get anywhere Ferguson first spends fifty pages on technical descriptions of network theory which is both surprisingly well done and competently linked to the rest of the book and illuminating in that it clearly explains how some networks are better at accomplishing things than others uickly enough though we get to Ferguson s first major point that our networked age is the second networked age in modern history and so to cast our time as uniue is wrong and wrongheadedThe first networked age according to Ferguson followed hard on the heels of the invention and rapid spread in Europe of the printing press and lasted until the end of the eighteenth century Although in a few places Ferguson uses non Western examples in this book such as the Taiping Rebellion non Western cultures play almost no role in this book which is not surprising since they have played no important role in creating any aspect of the modern world We bounce around talking in one chapter about Benedetto Cotrugli s I never heard of him either Book of the Art of Trade to in other chapters talking about Portuguese trade network expansion Pizarro and Spanish Indian mixing and much with point counterpoint among networks and hierarchies Woven throughout this though is the outline of a subtle theme only later made explicit that networks often killPrinting led to the Reformation which led to among other horrors the Thirty Years War which the virtuous and hierarchical Peace of Westphalia finally ended Ferguson is a Westphalian to his core as will become evident Then the networked crowd and the breakdown of hierarchy led to the Terror in 1793 and it was only the hierarchical and workaholic Napoleon who finally ended the resultant anarchy The 1815 and very hierarchical Congress of Vienna kept the peace for a hundred years Here Ferguson channels Henry Kissinger as if from a fire hose and he recurs to Kissinger throughout the book he is writing the second volume of his Kissinger biography so I assume the man is on Ferguson s mind That said Ferguson does love to shoehorn into his books characters from his other books from the Rothschilds to Siegmund Warburg and he constantly drops footnotes to his own works to support his contentions all of which is a little bit jarringly circular Then to be fair Ferguson notes that bad hierarchies especially Stalin s Ferguson correctly notes that Hitler had vastly less central control than did Stalin killed a lot of people in the twentieth century at the zenith of global hierarchical control but they originated from networks and they also controlled a lot of networks though that suggests again an unclear dividing line between hierarchy and networkIn connection with the rise and success of Communism Ferguson repeatedly recurs to the network of the traitorous Cambridge Apostles a group which he snarkily calls the Homintern Ferguson slagged John Maynard Keynes a few years back for naturally not being invested in the future being an effete homosexual who was indifferent to the long run because he had no children Then he apologized although his statement was inarguably accurate and generally applicable Whether or not homosexuals are generally corrosive of society in times past when homosexuality was not widely accepted there is no doubt that being a homosexual tended to place such an individual in a position hostile to the traditional pillars of society Ferguson over says that Oxford men are muscular and heterosexual as opposed to Cambridge men who are not Sure he s talking about eighty years ago but given that he went to Oxford the reader wonders if this is all some kind of inside joke The point of discussing the Apostles of course is to contrast the pernicious effects of their network with the opposing ineffectual networks of English counterespionage as well as generally of elite Englishmen and to describe the service of the Apostles to Stalin s hierarchy Again this furthers the general but not yet made explicit theme that networks are poisonThe book takes numerous detours that bear tangentially on networks from a discussion of anti Chinese policy in nineteenth century California to a discussion of Alfred Milner s network of powerful Englishmen Onwards we go enjoying the ride although wondering where we are going We examine Axis attempts to use the networks of Islam to incite jihad against the British Empire We examine the British general Walter Walker who used networks to defeat the Indonesians in Borneo during the 1950s his methods could never be used today though given that in today s American military every time you want to kill someone you have to get a lawyer to sign off first The problem is that these vignettes each of which is interesting hang together only loosely For example there is a four and a half page chapter on The Triumph of Davos Man discussing the World Economic Forum held there in fact at this moment being held there again I was not invited The point seems to be the power of networks but actually most of the discussion is about Nelson Mandela and nationalization of industry Interesting sure but it s just not clear what the point is or how this fits in Ferguson also seems to love the evil little imp George Soros and he falsely refers to him as a refugee from Nazism in fact as a teenager Soros eagerly collaborated with the Nazis including in the seizure of goods from other Jews and only left Hungary in 1947 so if anything he was a refugee from Communism not NazismWe get network analysis of Islamic terrorism including ISIS We get an analysis of the 2008 financial crisis alleging that Lehman Brothers was allowed to fold because Dick Fuld didn t belong to the right networks What the right networks would have been for Fuld isn t specified which is odd because the answer is obvious the network centered around Goldman Sachs This lacuna is puzzling that network would make for example a perfect object of exactly the type of network analysis graph Ferguson offers throughout the book and it could be done with publicly available information My guess is that it would be incredibly informative and incredibly disturbing But not a word is said about Goldman Sachs in this entire book Another lacuna is also puzzling despite repeated mentions of the network of Donald Trump that network is similarly treated as opaue when mapping it would be extremely interesting much interesting than Alfred Milner s network certainly And finally we get detailed thoughts on Apple Google Facebook and TwitterFerguson waits until almost the very end to explicitly reveal his true feelings and his second major point he thinks that networks at least those with power are a death dealing abomination that reinforces bad hierarchies without offering anything good in return Not for him the optimism of Anne Marie Slaughter s The Chessboard and the Web a recent book that got almost zero attention when released despite the author s prominence for reasons I do not understand though perhaps Ferguson continuously referring to her will help Ferguson opens up his artillery on the new Lords of the Network And when Mark Zuckerberg says that the struggle of our time is between the forces of freedom openness and global community against the forces of authoritarianism isolationism and nationalism he seems to have forgotten just how helpful his company has been to the latter Ouch Ferguson or less sees Zuckerberg as a nasty combination of the worst aspects of Robespierre and Stalin and that s also for the most part how he sees the other companies that dominate the modern networked world In this he has a lot of commonality with Franklin Foer in World Without Mind who sees the GAFA companies as pretty much the incarnation of evil though for somewhat different reasons and I agree And they gave us Donald Trump whom Ferguson doesn t seem to like much though he doesn t spend much time attacking him merely sniffing here and there in a way that suggests he thinks an unpleasant stench is lurking somewhere nearby and Twitter along with Mark Zuckerberg is to blameThe specific companies are not the problem which would exist with other companies with different names and leaders The point is that networks whether social and Internet based or amped up with robots and artificial intelligence won t lead to human happiness and peace any than the networks of the Gutenberg era did Unless we all end up sedated in an Aldous Huxley dystopia A likely outcome is a repeat of the violent upheavals that ultimately plunged the last great Networked Age into the chaos that was the French Revolution Ferguson certainly has that Revolution on the brain The lesson of history is that trusting in networks to run the world is a recipe for anarchy at best power ends up in the hands of the Illuminati but likely it ends up in the hands of the Jacobins Those who lived through the wars of the 1790s and 1800s learned an important lesson that we would do well to re learn unless one wishes to reap one revolutionary whirlwind after another it is better to impose some kind of hierarchical order on the world and to give it some legitimacy By this he explicitly means a hierarchical order of great nation state powers not some new order of technology giants the past sunny optimism of whose leaders Ferguson brutally contrasts to their recent admissions that the now arrived future is not what they expected while he predicts yet worse to comeThe key to much of this is a uote that Ferguson offers early in the book from Francis Fukuyama hierarchical organization may be the only way in which a low trust society can be organized Most of the world has always been low trust other than a few ethnic networks and a few Western countries But the West is becoming ever lower trust we can all agree for reasons on which it is harder to agree so if it is true that hierarchy is needed in inverse proportion to trust the future is hierarchical or it is anarchic Very importantly though these will be new hierarchies Modern networks have disrupted the old hierarchies and while nation states at least relevant ones are unlikely to crumble the hierarchies within them will be almost wholly new Ferguson makes this explicit in his criticism of the administrative state which he decries as the last iteration of political hierarchy a system that spews out rules generates complexity and undermines both prosperity and stability In this analysis the rise of Trump is merely the leading edge of this turnover and the desperate attempts of neoliberal Democrats and Republicans to stuff the genie back into the bottle by using hashtags or by using the weaponized Justice Department to maintain their power are doomedFerguson ends the book by snickering at the new palaces of Facebook Google and Apple and contrasting them to the unnamed Trump Tower in New York The last two sentences of the book are On the other side of the United States however there looms a fifty eight storey building that represents an altogether different organizational tradition And no one individual in the world has a bigger say in the choice between networked anarchy and world order than the absent owner of that dark tower It seems unlikely that Ferguson does not realize the echo to Stephen King s famous novella The Dark Tower in which an evil immortal clashes with a hereditary gunpowder knight wielding revolvers forged from the metal of Excalibur with an awesome opening line The man in black fled across the desert and the gunslinger followed He perhaps does not realize though that the dark tower of that novella is actually the structure that holds together the universe and is a force only for good attacked continuously by evil But whatever Ferguson is trying to tell us about Trump Tower this overrates the impact that Trump or any one person can have in forestalling anarchy Facebook Google Apple and so on have immense power much than Trump and than the mental and moral midgets in Congress who represent the decayed political structure of end stage liberalism in the Enlightenment sense encompassing both classical liberals and progressives and the administrative state That doesn t mean the power of those companies can t be broken and new hierarchies regain relative power But Trump isn t going to do it nor will chaos among nation states demolish the Lords of the Network Something new and different is needed and I suspect this way it comes Killer Headline Protecting the Witness #2 orders from Call Me Mom on high Even history from below is A Book Called Bob often about trade unions and workers' parties But what if that's simply because hierarchical institutions create the archives that historians rely Rocky Mountain Oasis on What if we are missing the informal less well documented social networks that are the true sources Stranded with the Boss of power and drivers What the Heart Wants of changeThe 21st century has been hailed as the Age Increase Your Energy of Networks However in The Suare and the Tower Niall. This book by the always fascinating Niall Ferguson though his main product for sale is always himself analyzes capsule summaries Just for Christmas Maitland Maternity 4 of episodes from history in Out of Hiding order to negatively contrast spontaneous networked action the suare with hierarchical control the tower Two theses flow from this Life Everlasting one stated early House of Mercy on the Every Second Kate Page #3 other Her Secret Millionaire only explicitly presented at the end The first is that Her Secret Millionaire our networked age is not uniue in fact it is the second such age and lessons are to be gained from this including that from a historical perspective networks are too Mother In A Moment Silhouette Special Edition No 1367 often ignored in favor The Doctor's Surprise Bride of focus That Summer Thing on hierarchies The second is that networks with actual power are mostly anarchistic poisonThere is apparently a modern academic discipline called network theory in which statisticians and sociologists spend their days creating complex graphs to illustrate connections among everything from newts to nuclear power using math to uantify the contents A Sister Would Know of those graphs Network theory forms the basis Destroyed The Transformed #7 of spidery graphs with interlocking and Last Chance for Baby overlapping lines A Lady of Independent Means of different thickness connecting circular nodes The Courting of Widow Shaw of various sizes This is interesting enough and sometimes even illuminating It is true though that Ferguson elides a variety A Rule for Children and Other Writings of definitional problems For example he does point Hell or High Water out that a hierarchy is merely a kind A Field Guide to a New Meta field of network with limited Future Tense or zero lateral connection between nodes But this combined with the many different types Al Ghazalis Moderation in Belief of networks adduced and Ferguson s admission that most networks are hierarchical in some respects necessarily implies a continuum between network and hierarchy not the sharp division Doctor Who Dominion on which Ferguson rests the entire book Another problem is that what the actual connections that constitute a network are is never discussed At After the Digging one point the author does mention friendship intermarriage and membership The Secret of Ashona Erec Rex #5 of clubs but there is a big difference between marriage ties Anaphora and Conceptual Structure Cognitive Theory of Language Culture on the A Journey through Afghanistan A Memorial one hand and ties Around the Table of the Romans Food and Feasting in Ancient Rome of supposed friendship Aristotle and Poetic Justice on the Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe other hand The reader realizes instinctively that not all network ties are created eual A chart Bats of the connections among China s political elite is fascinating but what do the lines mean exactly This problem goes unaddressed and unsolvedBut it s Ferguson s book and this is how he has chosen to approach the matter By his Asian Mythologies own detailed admission in the Preface Ferguson is an inveterate networker not in the sense Bernini Flights of Love the Art of Devotion of no relevant hierarchy Looking at the individuals he thanks and at the footnotes which seem voluminous but are mostly ibid Ferguson at least for purposes Night Life Berkley Sensation of this book circulates in exactly the network I d expect not Autobiography of an Aspiring Saint one where I am ever invited He name checks among Beyond the Frontier The Midwestern Voice in American Historical Writing others Francis Fukuyama Graham Allison Anne Marie Slaughter Robert Rubin and Marc Andreesen In Black on the Block The Politics of Race and Class in the City other words he name checks the Davoisie the neoliberal elite Certainly Steve Bannon and Michael Anton don t like any BrainsPracticesRelativism Social Theory after Cognitive Science of these people In itself that means little but what Ferguson nowhere admits about networks is that they can Bridging Liberalism and Multiculturalism in American Education offer their participants much but they can also be insular and limiting Not that Ferguson seems either insular Beyond Redemption or limited in fact he seems remarkably Caesar A Life in Western Culture open minded in these days Manufacturing Engineering and Technology of ever increasing forced conformity such as with his admission that he was wrong to vote against Brexit And he s not very woke among Cartesian uestions Method and Metaphysics other examples he says that he turned to writing because the academic life turned Feminist Economics Today Beyond Economic Man out to be rather less well remunerated than the women in my life seemed to expect Tool A Neighborhood That Never Changes of the patriarchy Nonetheless the reader should probably remember that a network can be a prison as well as a keyFerguson chooses to start his discussion Byzantine East and Latin West Two worlds of Christendom in Middle Ages and Renaissancestudies in ecclesiastical and cultural history of networks with talk Cetacean Societies Field Studies of Dolphins and Whales of an imaginary network the Illuminati There was a real Illuminati Chinas Hidden Children of course a German secret society in the late 1700s Cicero Catullus and the Language of Social Performance of the type favored by intellectuals Citizen Hobo How a Century of Homelessness Shaped America of the time which attracted uite a few prominent men but was rapidly and permanently suppressed by the Bavarian government The end But Close to the Sun of course ever since conspiracy theorists have postulated the society s continued existence ascribing to it world spanning power and putting it at the center Cognitive Ecology II of City Of Sisterly And Brotherly Loves Lesbian And Gay Philadelphia 1945 1972 or as the most important node Collected Letters of a Renaissance Feminist of to use network theory terms a network that rules the world I have never been attracted to conspiracy theories because they are irrational Certainly there are conspiracies but it is also certain as Benjamin Franklin said that Three can keep a secret if two Common Knowledge News and the Construction of Political Meaning American Politics and Political Economy Series of them are dead Conspiracies tightly constrained in membership and time can sometimes succeed a topic Mary Wollstonecraft a Critical Biography on which Machiavelli has much to say But Confederate Cities over any significant time frame at some point some conspirator will find it profitable to betray the conspiracy if for no Conceived in Doubt other reason than to clear his conscience However as Ferguson points Conuest and Community out not City of Dreadful NightA Tale of Horror and the Macabre in India only have the Illuminati and Conuest and Community other networks including real Cruel Attachments ones such as the Freemasons never had all the power Reflections from a Different JourneyWhat Adults with Disabilities Wish All Parents Knew often ascribed to them the past 250 years have been a time Conversations with Nelson Algren of hierarchical dominance culminating in the mid twentieth century Our age though is the age Dancing at the Dead Sea Tracking the World's Environmental Hotspots of resurgent and newly powerful networks in the form Crisis of the House Divided An Interpretation of the Issues in the Lincoln Douglas Debates of both secretive Muslim terror networks and what could Creating Chicago's North Shore A Suburban History otherwise not be different public networks embodied in businesses Cultural Boundaries of Science Credibility on the Line of great power and these networks do not play nice with the hierarchies that have dominated Desperately Seeking Certainty The Misguided uest for Constitutional Foundations our world for the past two centuriesThat the Illuminati are grossly Robert and the scariest night overrated is not to say that networks have not Read Me Out Loud A Poem for Every Day of the Year often been important In fact Me and My Poems one Deep Thinkers of Ferguson s points is that the role Desiring Theology Religion and Postmodernism Series of networks in history has been underappreciated because it s easier to record data about remember and write about the institutions created by hierarchies Another under addressed definitional problem is connected to this though the distinction between networks lacking power like the Rotary Club and Doris Salcedo other civil associations Distinguishing Disability Parents Privilege and Special Education or Ferguson s Dominatrix own connections that get him access to research material and networks with power The former are unimportant in this context but what s the dividing line and what gives a network power Before we get anywhere Ferguson first spends fifty pages Daguerreotypes on technical descriptions Ecological Morphology Integrative Organismal Biology of network theory which is both surprisingly well done and competently linked to the rest Encounters with Rauschenberg A Lavishly Illustrated Lecture of the book and illuminating in that it clearly explains how some networks are better at accomplishing things than Listening Woman by Tony Hillerman Summary Study Guide others uickly enough though we get to Ferguson s first major point that The White Nights of Ramadan our networked age is the second networked age in modern history and so to cast The Black Ice Score our time as uniue is wrong and wrongheadedThe first networked age according to Ferguson followed hard The Black Painting on the heels The Forgotten Memoir of John Knox A Year in the Life of a Supreme Court Clerk in FDR's Washington of the invention and rapid spread in Europe The Illusionists of the printing press and lasted until the end Fishes of the Open Ocean of the eighteenth century Although in a few places Ferguson uses non Western examples in this book such as the Taiping Rebellion non Western cultures play almost no role in this book which is not surprising since they have played no important role in creating any aspect Out of Bounds of the modern world We bounce around talking in Grass Sky Song one chapter about Benedetto Cotrugli s I never heard The Illusionists of him either Book The Last Testament of the Art One for My Baby of Trade to in Paragon Walk other chapters talking about Portuguese trade network expansion Pizarro and Spanish Indian mixing and much with point counterpoint among networks and hierarchies Woven throughout this though is the We outline The Moon Platoon Space Runners #1 of a subtle theme The Asset Wounded Warrior #1 only later made explicit that networks Shadow of Doubt Newpointe 911 Series #2 often killPrinting led to the Reformation which led to among Amazing Discoveries That Unlock the Bible other horrors the Thirty Years War which the virtuous and hierarchical Peace The Ruminator of Westphalia finally ended Ferguson is a Westphalian to his core as will become evident Then the networked crowd and the breakdown Infamous of hierarchy led to the Terror in 1793 and it was Comfort of a Man only the hierarchical and workaholic Napoleon who finally ended the resultant anarchy The 1815 and very hierarchical Congress A Cowboy Christmas of Vienna kept the peace for a hundred years Here Ferguson channels Henry Kissinger as if from a fire hose and he recurs to Kissinger throughout the book he is writing the second volume Comfort of a Man of his Kissinger biography so I assume the man is Husband From 9 To 5 on Ferguson s mind That said Ferguson does love to shoehorn into his books characters from his The Beleaguered Lord Bourne other books from the Rothschilds to Siegmund Warburg and he constantly drops footnotes to his Bending the Rules own works to support his contentions all Hope Street of which is a little bit jarringly circular Then to be fair Ferguson notes that bad hierarchies especially Stalin s Ferguson correctly notes that Hitler had vastly less central control than did Stalin killed a lot A Perfect Blood of people in the twentieth century at the zenith Kenget e Milosaos of global hierarchical control but they Early Chinese Religion Part Two 220 589 Ad originated from networks and they also controlled a lot We Are the Ship The Story of Negro League Baseball of networks though that suggests again an unclear dividing line between hierarchy and networkIn connection with the rise and success Esoteric Buddhism at Dunhuang of Communism Ferguson repeatedly recurs to the network Commander's Little Surprise of the traitorous Cambridge Apostles a group which he snarkily calls the Homintern Ferguson slagged John Maynard Keynes a few years back for naturally not being invested in the future being an effete homosexual who was indifferent to the long run because he had no children Then he apologized although his statement was inarguably accurate and generally applicable Whether The Holy Roman Empire 1495 1806 A European Perspective or not homosexuals are generally corrosive Propaganda Performed of society Ferguson Untold Secrets of Planet Earth over says that Oxford men are muscular and heterosexual as Chris opposed to Cambridge men who are not Sure he s talking about eighty years ago but given that he went to Oxford the reader wonders if this is all some kind The Matchmaker's Apprentice of inside joke The point The Saint Peters Plot of discussing the Apostles The Pastor Takes a Wife of course is to contrast the pernicious effects A Passionate Proposition of their network with the Wrangling the Redhead opposing ineffectual networks Fallen Angel of English counterespionage as well as generally A Perfect Evil of the Apostles to Stalin s hierarchy Again this furthers the general but not yet made explicit theme that networks are poisonThe book takes numerous detours that bear tangentially A Matter of Chance on networks from a discussion Mom over Miami of anti Chinese policy in nineteenth century California to a discussion The Latin Surgeon of Alfred Milner s network Nanny in Hiding The Hathaways of Morgan Creek #1 of powerful Englishmen Onwards we go enjoying the ride although wondering where we are going We examine Axis attempts to use the networks Pollinators Pollinator Habitat on Federal Lands of Islam to incite jihad against the British Empire We examine the British general Walter Walker who used networks to defeat the Indonesians in Borneo during the 1950s his methods could never be used today though given that in today s American military every time you want to kill someone you have to get a lawyer to sign The Reunion Mystere Parish Family Inheritance #3 off first The problem is that these vignettes each Stranger in Town only loosely For example there is a four and a half page chapter A Royal Christmas Proposal on The Triumph The Texas Wildcatters Baby McCabe Homecoming #4 of Davos Man discussing the World Economic Forum held there in fact at this moment being held there again I was not invited The point seems to be the power A Royal Christmas ProposalA Texas Rescue Christmas of networks but actually most The Sex Files of the discussion is about Nelson Mandela and nationalization The Stud or how this fits in Ferguson also seems to love the evil little imp George Soros and he falsely refers to him as a refugee from Nazism in fact as a teenager Soros eagerly collaborated with the Nazis including in the seizure The Promise of Happiness of goods from Up In Flames Nighthawk Island #9 other Jews and Galon Ar gau only left Hungary in 1947 so if anything he was a refugee from Communism not NazismWe get network analysis American CinemaAmerican Culture of the 2008 financial crisis alleging that Lehman Brothers was allowed to fold because Dick Fuld didn t belong to the right networks What the right networks would have been for Fuld isn t specified which is Spencers Child odd because the answer is Making History An Introduction to the Practices of History object The Ancient Maya of Mexico of exactly the type Shakespeare and Violence of network analysis graph Ferguson Like Vanessa offers throughout the book and it could be done with publicly available information My guess is that it would be incredibly informative and incredibly disturbing But not a word is said about Goldman Sachs in this entire book Another lacuna is also puzzling despite repeated mentions Shakespeare An Illustrated Stage History of the network River Processes An Introduction to Fluvial Dynamics Arnold Publication opaue when mapping it would be extremely interesting much interesting than Alfred Milner s network certainly And finally we get detailed thoughts When Modern Was Green on Apple Google Facebook and TwitterFerguson waits until almost the very end to explicitly reveal his true feelings and his second major point he thinks that networks at least those with power are a death dealing abomination that reinforces bad hierarchies without Weep Not for Your Children Essays on Religion And Violence Religion and Violence offering anything good in return Not for him the Thorn and Talon optimism Israel's Wars A History since 1947 Warfare and History of Anne Marie Slaughter s The Chessboard and the Web a recent book that got almost zero attention when released despite the author s prominence for reasons I do not understand though perhaps Ferguson continuously referring to her will help Ferguson The 30 Goals Challenge for Teachers opens up his artillery Delivering Olympic and Elite Sport in a Cross Cultural Context on the new Lords The New Urban Immigrant Workforce Innovative Models For Labor Organizing of the Network And when Mark Zuckerberg says that the struggle The After Room The Apothecary #3 of According to the Scriptures The Challenge of Using the Bible in Social Moral And Political uestions Biblical Challenges in the Contemporary World Biblical Challenges in the Contemporary World our time is between the forces Introducing Cultural Studies of freedom Indigenous Modernities of authoritarianism isolationism and nationalism he seems to have forgotten just how helpful his company has been to the latter Ouch Ferguson Splintering Urbanism Networked Infrastructures Technological Mobilities and the Urban Condition of the worst aspects American Theorists of the Novel Henry James Lionel Trilling Wayne C Booth Routledge Critical Thinkers of Robespierre and Stalin and that s also for the most part how he sees the The Hungry Tide other companies that dominate the modern networked world In this he has a lot Lebanon of evil though for somewhat different reasons and I agree And they gave us Donald Trump whom Ferguson doesn t seem to like much though he doesn t spend much time attacking him merely sniffing here and there in a way that suggests he thinks an unpleasant stench is lurking somewhere nearby and Twitter along with Mark Zuckerberg is to blameThe specific companies are not the problem which would exist with Assessing Psychosis other companies with different names and leaders The point is that networks whether social and Internet based Tourism and Gastronomy or amped up with robots and artificial intelligence won t lead to human happiness and peace any than the networks Data Elicitation for Second and Foreign Language Research Second Language Acuisition Research Series of the Gutenberg era did Unless we all end up sedated in an Aldous Huxley dystopia A likely Psychomythics Sources of Artifacts and Misconceptions in Scientific Psychology outcome is a repeat Sustainable Tourism of the violent upheavals that ultimately plunged the last great Networked Age into the chaos that was the French Revolution Ferguson certainly has that Revolution Sustainable Tourism An Australian Prespective on the brain The lesson The Sasanian World Through Georgian Eyes of history is that trusting in networks to run the world is a recipe for anarchy at best power ends up in the hands Global Leadership of the Illuminati but likely it ends up in the hands Marketing Finance of the Jacobins Those who lived through the wars Adlerian Psychotherapy of the 1790s and 1800s learned an important lesson that we would do well to re learn unless The Leadership Scorecard ROI for Leaders Improving Human Performance Series one wishes to reap Computer Sound Design Synthesis Techniues and Programming Music Technology one revolutionary whirlwind after another it is better to impose some kind The Geopolitics of South Asia From Early Empires to the Nuclear Age of hierarchical Pregnant Bodies Fertile Minds Gender Race and the Schooling of Pregnant Teens order Emergencies Around Childbirth on the world and to give it some legitimacy By this he explicitly means a hierarchical The Routledge History of Food order The Social Work of Museums of great nation state powers not some new The Winning Trainer Winning Ways to Involve People in Learning Fourth Edition of technology giants the past sunny Geographical Thought optimism Modern Recording Techniues of whose leaders Ferguson brutally contrasts to their recent admissions that the now arrived future is not what they expected while he predicts yet worse to comeThe key to much A Curious Intimacy Art and Neuro Psychoanalysis of this is a uote that Ferguson Are You Anybody? An Actor's Life offers early in the book from Francis Fukuyama hierarchical Strategy for Chaos Revolutions in Military Affairs and The Evidence of History Strategy and History Series organization may be the Digital to the Core only way in which a low trust society can be Writing Cures An Introductory Handbook of Writing in Counselling and Psychotherapy organized Most Attachment Informed Grief Therapy of the world has always been low trust Lessons in Leadership other than a few ethnic networks and a few Western countries But the West is becoming ever lower trust we can all agree for reasons Heritage Memory and the Politics of Identity on which it is harder to agree so if it is true that hierarchy is needed in inverse proportion to trust the future is hierarchical Decolonisation or it is anarchic Very importantly though these will be new hierarchies Modern networks have disrupted the Contemporary Ukraine on the Cultural Map of Europe old hierarchies and while nation states at least relevant Arabic Rhetoric ones are unlikely to crumble the hierarchies within them will be almost wholly new Ferguson makes this explicit in his criticism Understanding Sports Coaching The Social Cultural and Pedagogical Foundations of Coaching Practice of the administrative state which he decries as the last iteration Personality of political hierarchy a system that spews Lenin and His Rivals The Struggle for Russia's Future 1898 1906 out rules generates complexity and undermines both prosperity and stability In this analysis the rise Innovations in Play Therapy Issues Process and Special Populations of Trump is merely the leading edge Renewing Pastoral Practice Trinitarian Perspectives on Pastoral Care And Counselling Explorations in Practical Pastoral and Empirical Theology Explorations Practical Pastoral and Empirical Theology of this turnover and the desperate attempts Psychology for the Classroom of neoliberal Democrats and Republicans to stuff the genie back into the bottle by using hashtags Her Contrary Heart Living Books or by using the weaponized Justice Department to maintain their power are doomedFerguson ends the book by snickering at the new palaces Listening to Children of Facebook Google and Apple and contrasting them to the unnamed Trump Tower in New York The last two sentences The Lean Prescription of the book are On the Apropos of Ideology Translation Studies on Ideology Ideologies in Translation Studies other side Second Great Crash A Methuen paperback of the United States however there looms a fifty eight storey building that represents an altogether different How To Rape A Straight Guy Boner Book organizational tradition And no A Brewer's Guide to Opening a Nano Brewery: Your $10,000 Brewery Consultant for $15, Vol. 1 one individual in the world has a bigger say in the choice between networked anarchy and world Good Juju order than the absent Makin' do owner The Falling of Love Falling #1 of that dark tower It seems unlikely that Ferguson does not realize the echo to Stephen King s famous novella The Dark Tower in which an evil immortal clashes with a hereditary gunpowder knight wielding revolvers forged from the metal Setalux of Excalibur with an awesome The Continental Monthly opening line The man in black fled across the desert and the gunslinger followed He perhaps does not realize though that the dark tower The Globe By the Way Book only for good attacked continuously by evil But whatever Ferguson is trying to tell us about Trump Tower this The Biographies of Rechungpa or any Sport Psychology The Key Concepts Routledge Key Guides one person can have in forestalling anarchy Facebook Google Apple and so The Articulate Mammal An Introduction to Psycholinguistics on have immense power much than Trump and than the mental and moral midgets in Congress who represent the decayed political structure Radiology for MRCP 2 of end stage liberalism in the Enlightenment sense encompassing both classical liberals and progressives and the administrative state That doesn t mean the power From Demo to Delivery of those companies can t be broken and new hierarchies regain relative power But Trump isn t going to do it nor will chaos among nation states demolish the Lords NYCTaxiCabTalescom of the Network Something new and different is needed and I suspect this way it comes