Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New


  • Hardcover
  • 576
  • Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress
  • Steven Pinker
  • English
  • 25 March 2019
  • 9780525427575

Steven Pinker ¹ 5 Free read

Free read Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress ä PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free If you think the world is coming to an end think again people are living longer healthier freer and happier lives and while our problems are formidable the solutions lie in the Enlightenment ideal of using reason and scienceIs the world really falling apart Is the ideal of progress obsolete In this elegant assessment of the human condition in the third millennium cognitive scientist and public intellectual Steven Pinker urges us to step back from the gory headlines and prophecies of doom which play to our psychological b. For years I ve been saying Steven Pinker s The Better Angels of Our Nature was the best book I d read in a decade If I could recommend just one book for anyone to pick up that was it Pinker uses meticulous research to argue that we are living in the most peaceful time in human history I d never seen such a clear explanation of progressI m going to stop talking up Better Angels so much because Pinker has managed to top himself His new book Enlightenment Now is even better Enlightenment Now takes the approach he uses in Better Angels to track violence throughout history and applies it to 15 different measures of progress like uality of life knowledge and safety The result is a holistic picture of how and why the world is getting better It s like Better Angels on steroidsI read the book slowly since I loved it so much but I think most people will find it a uick and accessible read He manages to share a ton of information in a way that s compelling memorable and easy to digestIt opens with an argument in favor of returning to the ideals of the Enlightenment an era when reason science and humanism were touted as the highest virtuesI m all for reason science and humanism but what I found most interesting were the 15 chapters exploring each measure of progress Pinker is at his best when he analyzes historic trends and uses data to put the past into context I was already familiar with a lot of the information he shares especially about health and energy but he understands each subject so deeply that he s able to articulate his case in a way that feels fresh and newI love how he s willing to dive deep into primary data sources and pull out unexpected signs of progress I tend to point to things like dramatic reductions in poverty and childhood deaths because I think they re such a good measure of how we re doing as a society Pinker covers those areas but he also looks at obscure topicsHere are five of my favorite facts from the book that show how the world is improving1 You re 37 times less likely to be killed by a bolt of lightning than you were at the turn of the century and that s not because there are fewer thunderstorms today It s because we have better weather prediction capabilities improved safety education and people living in cities2 Time spent doing laundry fell from 115 hours a week in 1920 to an hour and a half in 2014 This might sound trivial in the grand scheme of progress But the rise of the washing machine has improved uality of life by freeing up time for people mostly women to enjoy other pursuits That time represents nearly half a day every week that could be used for everything from binge watching Ozark or reading a book to starting a new business3 You re way less likely to die on the job Every year 5000 people die from occupational accidents in the US But in 1929 when our population was less than two fifths the size it is today 20000 people died on the job People back then viewed deadly workplace accidents as part of the cost of doing business Today we know better and we ve engineered ways to build things without putting nearly as many lives at risk4 The global average I score is rising by about 3 I points every decade Kids brains are developing fully thanks to improved nutrition and a cleaner environment Pinker also credits analytical thinking in and out of the classroom Think about how many symbols you interpret every time you check your phone s home screen or look at a subway map Our world today encourages abstract thought from a young age and it s making us smarter5 War is illegal This idea seems obvious But before the creation of the United Nations in 1945 no institution had the power to stop countries from going to war with each other Although there have been some exceptions the threat of international sanctions and intervention has proven to be an effective deterrent to wars between nationsPinker also tackles the disconnect between actual progress and the perception of progress something I ve spent a lot of time thinking about People all over the world are living longer healthier and happier lives so why do so many think things are getting worse Why do we gloss over positive news stories and fixate on the negative ones He does a good job explaining why we re drawn to pessimism and how that instinct influences our approach to the world although I wish he went in depth about the psychology especially since he s a psychologist by training The late Hans Rosling explains this fully in his excellent new book Factfulness I agree with Pinker on most areas but I think he s a bit too optimistic about artificial intelligence He s uick to dismiss the idea of robots overthrowing their human creators While I don t think we re in danger of a Terminator style scenario the uestion underlying that fear who exactly controls the robots is a valid one We re not there yet but at some point who has AI and who controls it will be an important issue for global institutions to addressThe big uestions surrounding automation are proof that progress can be a messy sticky thing but that doesn t mean we re headed in the wrong direction At the end of Enlightenment Now Pinker argues that we will never have a perfect world and it would be dangerous to seek one But there is no limit to the betterments we can attain if we continue to apply knowledge to enhance human flourishingThe world is getting better even if it doesn t always feel that way I m glad we have brilliant thinkers like Steven Pinker to help us see the big picture Enlightenment Now is not only the best book Pinker s ever written It s my new favorite book of all time Pleins feux sur le tutu you think the world is coming to an end think again people are living longer healthier freer and happier lives and while our problems are formidable the solutions lie in the Enlightenment ideal of using reason and scienceIs the world really falling apart Is the ideal of progress obsolete In this elegant assessment of the human condition in the third millennium cognitive scientist and public intellectual Steven Pinker urges us to step back from the gory headlines and prophecies of doom which play to our psychological b. For Bogwoppit years I ve been saying Steven Pinker s The Better Angels of Our Nature was the best book I d read in a decade If I could recommend just one book for anyone to pick up that was it Pinker uses meticulous research to argue that we are living in the most peaceful time in human history I d never seen such a clear explanation of progressI m going to stop talking up Better Angels so much because Pinker has managed to top himself His new book Enlightenment Now is even better Enlightenment Now takes the approach he uses in Better Angels to track violence throughout history and applies it to 15 different measures of progress like uality of life knowledge and safety The result is a holistic picture of how and why the world is getting better It s like Better Angels on steroidsI read the book slowly since I loved it so much but I think most people will find it a uick and accessible read He manages to share a ton of information in a way that s compelling memorable and easy to digestIt opens with an argument in favor of returning to the ideals of the Enlightenment an era when reason science and humanism were touted as the highest virtuesI m all for reason science and humanism but what I found most interesting were the 15 chapters exploring each measure of progress Pinker is at his best when he analyzes historic trends and uses data to put the past into context I was already familiar with a lot of the information he shares especially about health and energy but he understands each subject so deeply that he s able to articulate his case in a way that feels fresh and newI love how he s willing to dive deep into primary data sources and pull out unexpected signs of progress I tend to point to things like dramatic reductions in poverty and childhood deaths because I think they re such a good measure of how we re doing as a society Pinker covers those areas but he also looks at obscure topicsHere are five of my favorite facts from the book that show how the world is improving1 You re 37 times less likely to be killed by a bolt of lightning than Middle School The Worst Years of My Life you were at the turn of the century and that s not because there are fewer thunderstorms today It s because we have better weather prediction capabilities improved safety education and people living in cities2 Time spent doing laundry fell from 115 hours a week in 1920 to an hour and a half in 2014 This might sound trivial in the grand scheme of progress But the rise of the washing machine has improved uality of life by freeing up time for people mostly women to enjoy other pursuits That time represents nearly half a day every week that could be used for everything from binge watching Ozark or reading a book to starting a new business3 You re way less likely to die on the job Every The Day Louis Got Eaten year 5000 people die from occupational accidents in the US But in 1929 when our population was less than two fifths the size it is today 20000 people died on the job People back then viewed deadly workplace accidents as part of the cost of doing business Today we know better and we ve engineered ways to build things without putting nearly as many lives at risk4 The global average I score is rising by about 3 I points every decade Kids brains are developing fully thanks to improved nutrition and a cleaner environment Pinker also credits analytical thinking in and out of the classroom Think about how many symbols Measuring Time you interpret every time Jerusalem you check Bound to Submit your phone s home screen or look at a subway map Our world today encourages abstract thought from a Oil on Water young age and it s making us smarter5 War is illegal This idea seems obvious But before the creation of the United Nations in 1945 no institution had the power to stop countries from going to war with each other Although there have been some exceptions the threat of international sanctions and intervention has proven to be an effective deterrent to wars between nationsPinker also tackles the disconnect between actual progress and the perception of progress something I ve spent a lot of time thinking about People all over the world are living longer healthier and happier lives so why do so many think things are getting worse Why do we gloss over positive news stories and fixate on the negative ones He does a good job explaining why we re drawn to pessimism and how that instinct influences our approach to the world although I wish he went in depth about the psychology especially since he s a psychologist by training The late Hans Rosling explains this fully in his excellent new book Factfulness I agree with Pinker on most areas but I think he s a bit too optimistic about artificial intelligence He s uick to dismiss the idea of robots overthrowing their human creators While I don t think we re in danger of a Terminator style scenario the uestion underlying that fear who exactly controls the robots is a valid one We re not there Officer Nurse Woman The Army Nurse Corps in the Vietnam War WarSocietyCulture yet but at some point who has AI and who controls it will be an important issue for global institutions to addressThe big uestions surrounding automation are proof that progress can be a messy sticky thing but that doesn t mean we re headed in the wrong direction At the end of Enlightenment Now Pinker argues that we will never have a perfect world and it would be dangerous to seek one But there is no limit to the betterments we can attain if we continue to apply knowledge to enhance human flourishingThe world is getting better even if it doesn t always feel that way I m glad we have brilliant thinkers like Steven Pinker to help us see the big picture Enlightenment Now is not only the best book Pinker s ever written It s my new favorite book of all time

Summary ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Steven PinkerEnlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress

Free read Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress ä PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Iases Instead follow the data In seventy five jaw dropping graphs Pinker shows that life health prosperity safety peace knowledge and happiness are on the rise not just in the West but worldwide This progress is not the result of some cosmic force It is a gift of the Enlightenment the conviction that reason and science can enhance human flourishingFar from being a naïve hope the Enlightenment we now know has worked But than ever it needs a vigorous defense The Enlightenment project swims against currents of human nature. Why I won t be reading this

Summary Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress

Free read Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress ä PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free –tribalism authoritarianism demonization magical thinking–which demagogues are all too willing to exploit Many commentators committed to political religious or romantic ideologies fight a rearguard action against it The result is a corrosive fatalism and a willingness to wreck the precious institutions of liberal democracy and global cooperationWith intellectual depth and literary flair Enlightenment Now makes the case for reason science and humanism the ideals we need to confront our problems and continue our progre. A paean to the status uo that can be summarized in four words don t worry be happy Actually five words as one is contracted This book will no doubt earn the author a lanyard to every corporate boardroom and conservative think tank in the countryHis thesis is that Enlightenment principles must be defended but not against mindless consumerism not against the growing disparities of wealth not against the disruption of earth systems No the Enlightenment must be defended against The Strawman The author lets the cat out early in the book Intellectuals hate progress p39 Later Pinker says An axiom of progressive opinion especially in universities is that we continue to live in a deeply racist sexist and homophobic society which would imply that progressivism is a waste of time having accomplished nothing at decades of struggle p215 Did your jaw just drop too This is a recurring theme in the book binary positions If you feel that we have a ways to go regarding bigotry then you are just not appreciative enough of the gains intellectuals and progressives are anti Enlightenment Just five pages later he says that heightened concern is not futile moralizing but has brought measurable progress which means that continuing this concern can lead to greater progress still p220 Yes the idea of progressive thinking is that maintaining a heightened level of concern can motivate greater gains towards Enlightenment ideals unless that is you are an intellectual who when maintaining a heightened level of concern is just being unappreciative of the meaty bone the status uo has already thrown youPinker says police shoot too many people but it s not primarily a racial issue I wonder if the number of people who are shot with their empty hands in the air is a racial issue maybe a nice chart on that one would be interesting Maybe he should interview groups of people who live in fear of the police of being carded while walking of being stopped on the road because of their appearanceIn his effort to make all of his graphs show diminishing bads over time he has to fudge GHG emissions to show GHG emissions GDP This is a favourite trick of those who wish to delay any meaningful efforts to face climate change the atmosphere doesn t care how many goods and services an economy creates Emissions are continuing to increase as our economy expands Diluting this value with a GDP measure of dematerialized services is of an indicator of what public and personal work has been devoured by The Market than anything to do with emissions In plain words it is disingenuousProbably the most distressing aspect of this book is Pinker s unwillingness to engage in a meaningful critiue of left intellectuals who he seems to despise His references to them involve either gross dog whistle caricatures the butt of a Russian peasant joke or a cheap pot shot Osama Bin Laden owned a copy of a book by Noam Chomsky really Who cares And then he misrepresents Deconstruction and post modernism as the heartbeat of anti Enlightenment thought heirs of the anti rational Romantic thinkers of the past Any intellectual who explores truth making like the Continental philosophers or challenges the big empty narratives around freedom truth right etc becomes anti rational Then Pinker unloads the big clich that you can t make a rational statement about truth being socially constructed which to Pinker means that what is meant is that there is no truth binary thinking again and therefore anti rational for a page or two he dances around the logical impossibility of making a rational statement about an anti rationalist position as if anyone really holds this position But when it comes to his tribe he says in italics no Enlightenment thinker ever claimed that humans were consistently rational It s surprising that author could not see that this sentiment cuts both ways Eg no postmodernist thinker ever claimed that humans were consistently irrational The left too has missed the boat in its contempt for the market and its romance with Marxism What does this even mean What Marxism the critiue of capital I think this is most revealing as Pinker dodges any reference to capitalism or accurately a critiue of capitalism The romance with Marxism is a sign of Enlightenment principles at work as opposed to a dogmatic adherence to Capitalism as the best system in the past and by extrapolation the best system forever In addition to this bias Pinker is uick to point out what he considers bad about communist or leftist governments without evaluating their successes and failures on the same principled measures as he applies throughout the book for example rather than a chauvinistic dismissal of Venezuela under Chavez measure his gains or failures in child mortality longevity homicides poverty literacy and so on He critiues the numbers of left intellectuals in the academy a place where ambiguity honest analysis and critiue is fostered but doesn t conduct a similar survey of the ratio of left to right thinkers in positions of power in public office or corporate boardrooms not to mention the academy Later during his analysis of Islam he uotes ex Muslim activist Sarah Haider who says Religions are just ideas and don t have rights Criticizing the ideas of Islam is no bigoted than criticizing the ideas of neoliberalism or the Republican Party Platform p442 I wonder if he feels this way about other non Muslim faith based states in the region replace Islam with another faith and I wonder what sort of reception his book would have receivedI could go on and on as every page packs a groaner Overall Pinker loses the gist of his thesis in a stew of gross generalizations and what I would consider a contempt for the Enlightenment project as it relates to preserving open discussion of ideals and efforts against the reification of power structures and narratives that hinder progress Has humanity come a long way Sure who really doubts that Do we have work to do Yes we do but you wouldn t feel any urgency to do so from this bookPinker says Instead their reputations hinge on their ability to entertain titillate or shock on their ability to instill confidence or fear in the hopes that a prophecy might be self fulfilling or self defeating and on their skill in galvanizing a coalition and celebrating its virtue I would say this is a good description of the author of Enlightenment NowJust to be clear I didn t like this book


10 thoughts on “Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New

  1. says: Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New

    Summary ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Steven Pinker Steven Pinker ¹ 5 Free read Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New For years I’ve been saying Steven Pinker’s The Better Angels of Our Nature was the best book I’d read in a decade If I could recommend just one book for anyone to pick up that was it Pinker uses meticulous research to argue that we are living in the most peaceful time in human history I’d never seen such a clear explanation of progressI’m going to stop talking up Better Angels so much because Pinker has managed to top

  2. says: Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New

    Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New You’ve never had it so good and Steven Pinker has the stats and charts over 70 to prove it Wars are fewer and less severe homicides are down racism is in decline terrorism is a fading fad democracy rules communi

  3. says: Summary ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Steven Pinker Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New

    Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New When this book was not boring me it was irritating me All of the author’s anecdotes I had read elsewhere Science is good I don’t need convincing Vaccines work Poverty is bad and is getting better throughout the world Everyone who wants to know this stuff already knows itWhy euate Al Gore with Theodore Kaczynski The Unabomber as the author seems to do regarding the environment? Is Fox News really right when they said the poor can’t be

  4. says: Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New Steven Pinker ¹ 5 Free read Summary ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Steven Pinker

    Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New Steven Pinker ¹ 5 Free read This concoction and Roslings´ similar „Go on everything is super“ Factfulness were the reasons for me to leave the soft space of some humanities that are nothing than appeasement belittlement and deception A mix of different uotes from the book and thoughts and impressions I had while consuming this fairytale Some poi

  5. says: Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New Summary ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Steven Pinker Summary Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress

    Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New Why I won't be reading this

  6. says: Steven Pinker ¹ 5 Free read Summary ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Steven Pinker Summary Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress

    Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New Summary Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress Steven Pinker makes a strong argument for enlightenment principles and essentially not giving up on the world because Donald Trump is president We are not contrary to popular belief going backwards and have in fact made astounding progress in all measurable areas such as wealth health safety education and eualityFaced with the numbers it's hard to disagree though I went into this fairly convinced already We do not by any measure l

  7. says: Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New

    Summary Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress Steven Pinker ¹ 5 Free read Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New A few months ago I heard Steven Pinker give a talk about this book I must say that his speaking skill did not impress me However his writing skill is brilliant This is a very important book epic in scope comprehensive well thought out and str

  8. says: Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New

    Steven Pinker ¹ 5 Free read Summary ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Steven Pinker Summary Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress Everyone should read Enlightenment Now It seems odd to reuire a defense of reason science humanism and progress but we suffer if we do not understand how far humanity has come by application of these principles Steven Pinker has done us the favor of chronicling that progress with data in a compellingly written volume that challenges common

  9. says: Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New

    Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress E–pub New Summary ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Steven Pinker Summary Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress A paean to the status uo that can be summarized in four words ‘don’t worry be happy’ Actually five words as one is contracted This book will no doubt earn the author a lanyard to every corporate boardroom and conservative think tank in the countryHis thesis is that Enlightenment principles must be defended – but not against mindless consumerism not against the growing disparities of wealth not against the disru

  10. says: Steven Pinker ¹ 5 Free read Summary ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Steven Pinker Summary Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress

    Steven Pinker ¹ 5 Free read Summary ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¹ Steven Pinker Summary Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress In his newest book Neoliberalism Now The Case for Positivism Scientism Atheism and Globalization Steven Pinker seeks to cash in on the Trump election by rushing out what is mostly a rehash of material from his previous book The Better Angels

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