[Read] (Rethinking Expertise)


10 thoughts on “[Read] (Rethinking Expertise)

  1. says: [Read] (Rethinking Expertise) review Rethinking Expertise

    [Read] (Rethinking Expertise) Rethinking Expertise stands as the elaboration of Collins and Evans' proposed Third Wave trajectory for science studies If the Seco

  2. says: [Read] (Rethinking Expertise)

    download Ô eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF » Harry Collins [Read] (Rethinking Expertise) So much of the sociology of scientific knowledge tradition appears as a game of chicken teetering on the edge of relativism or nihilism if not actually plunging in The authors' choice of epigraph to everything there is a season a time to break down and a time to build up from Ecclesiastes is an indication that this investigation of expertise

  3. says: review Rethinking Expertise [Read] (Rethinking Expertise) download Ô eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF » Harry Collins

    [Read] (Rethinking Expertise) Harry Collins » 8 read & download download Ô eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF » Harry Collins I've enjoyed Collins philosophy of science works eg The Golem series This title intrigued me with answers to the knowledge managementt

  4. says: Harry Collins » 8 read & download download Ô eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF » Harry Collins review Rethinking Expertise

    [Read] (Rethinking Expertise) Everybody is an expert at something and nobody can be an expert about everything A pharmacist would likely flounder hopelessly when tasked with working the line at a local McDonald’s which is why nobody expects prescripti

  5. says: Harry Collins » 8 read & download [Read] (Rethinking Expertise)

    download Ô eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF » Harry Collins Harry Collins » 8 read & download [Read] (Rethinking Expertise) ILL from PSUfrom the libraryc2007 Univ of Chicago PressAuthor Harry Collins is distinguished research professor of sociology and director of the Center for the Study of Knowledge Expertise and Science at Cardiff University Author of

  6. says: [Read] (Rethinking Expertise)

    [Read] (Rethinking Expertise) This book proposes a new framework for thinking about and evaluating expertise The authors think an important and neglected area of inuiry regarding expertise is the boundaries surrounding expertise and how we should understand them With additional nuances within each category it is proposed to understand expertise by the following Beer mat k

  7. says: review Rethinking Expertise Harry Collins » 8 read & download download Ô eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF » Harry Collins

    [Read] (Rethinking Expertise) At first the new jargon is a little difficult to get the hang of contributory vs relational expertise but is necessary to discuss expertise its definitions and how expertise works Relational expertise is particularly intriguing For ex

  8. says: download Ô eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF » Harry Collins Harry Collins » 8 read & download review Rethinking Expertise

    [Read] (Rethinking Expertise) Harry Collins » 8 read & download review Rethinking Expertise Interesting exploration of the meaning of scientific expertiseThis was one of my first forays into the world of e books I bought the Nook version and read it mostly on my Android phone I discovered that the software for the phone is really not up to what is necessary for this kind of book The images were illegible and it is very cumbersome to the point of not being worth it to look at footnotes I'm afraid that my frust

  9. says: [Read] (Rethinking Expertise)

    [Read] (Rethinking Expertise) download Ô eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF » Harry Collins review Rethinking Expertise Outstanding work on the Study of Expertise and Experience and what does it means to know what you are talking about This book concentrates on characterising expertise and classifying it into various types Focussing on tacit expertise

  10. says: [Read] (Rethinking Expertise)

    [Read] (Rethinking Expertise) Harry Collins » 8 read & download Marvelous little book I learned a lot about the problem of conceptualizing expertise and the authors' introducti

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download Ô eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF » Harry Collins

Rethinking Expertise

Rethinking Expertise summary ✓ 8 What does it mean to be an expert In Rethinking Expertise Harry Collins and Robert Evans offer a radical new perspective on the role of expertise in the practice of science and the public evaluation of technologyCollins and Evans present a Periodic Table of Expertises based on the idea of tacit knowledge knowledge that we have but cannot explain They then look at how some e. I ve enjoyed Collins philosophy of science works eg The Golem series This title intrigued me with answers to the knowledge managementtransfer challenges faced by many professional services firms mine includedRethinking Expertise largely advocates formal recognition of a class of expertise obtained by those such as sportswriters and political journalists Expertise that is thoroughly conversant with the subject but doesn t perform the actual deeds The argument suggests a legitimate place and use for such conversant experts This leads to a treatment of how such expertise is developedUnfortunately for my purposes the text offers general and not entirely unintuitive suggestions toward nurturing such expertise I don t regret the read and am cognizant of new thoughts derived from the text that may help me define my own answers But busy managers will look elsewhere for practical solutions

review Rethinking Expertise

Rethinking Expertise summary ✓ 8 Xpertises are used to judge others how laypeople judge between experts and how credentials are used to evaluate them Throughout Collins and Evans ask an important uestion how can the public make use of science and technology before there is consensus in the scientific community This book has wide implications for public policy and for those who seek to understand science an. Everybody is an expert at something and nobody can be an expert about everything A pharmacist would likely flounder hopelessly when tasked with working the line at a local McDonald s which is why nobody expects prescriptions to come filled with a side of fries Society places a premium on some domain specific types of expertise but even within specialized fields such as medicine and physics stratifications exist between the people who are conversant in a topic and those who genuinely contribute to the body of knowledge The fact that a sociologist can successfully pass themselves off as fluent in highly abstract gravitational waves physics underscores why the public needs a bulletproof method for identifying bona fide experts especially in for high stakes technical uestions While Collins and Evans delineate a novel framework for identifying who might be capable of contributing to scientific debates their taxonomy of expertise ultimately fails to provide any useful practical guidance for resolving controversy in the public sphere When experts offer honest guidance their recommendations can be useful Collins and Evans point out that in spite of the fallibility of those who know what they are talking about their advice is likely to be no worse and maybe better than those who do not know what they are talking about Collins Evans 2007 p2 Identifying those who do know what they are talking about however is no easy task Few people will actually bother to thoroughly vet any so called expert s track record and even spot checking academic credentials becomes problematic by excluding valid viewpoints from the conversation While administering double blinded Turing tests can in theory establish which people ascend to the higher levels of interactional expertise necessary to speak intelligently about a topic such trials don t offer any practical recourse for distinguishing whether what is being said matters one bit where public policy is concerned Collins and Evans do offer insight in methods for distinguishing non experts from the genuine articles and parsing out levels of expertise among the educated But these methods aren t at all useful for unmasking corporate crimes in science and technology which typically involve genuine experts deliberately misleading the public According to Collins Evans framework when true experts lie the public will necessarily be taken in because it is impossible to make a technical assessment of the technical understanding of an expert with expertise Collins Evans 2007 p63 Further the authors admit that identifying those who know what they are talking about is futile when the conversation isn t relevant to the controversy at hand writing none of it helps if what is being talked about is the wrong thing Collins Evans 2007 p114 When industry leverages highly knowledgeable individuals to talk about the wrong thing the level of expertise doesn t play any role in determining whether the statements will mislead the public Over and over industries issued deliberate falsehoods cloaked in a veneer of scientific expertise Technical vocabulary legitimated the claims in these accounts even when the conclusions were completely unsubstantiated as in the case of the plastics industry s report on vinyl chloride which masuerading as objective science was in fact nothing than an obfuscation of the truth that served industry s purpose Markowitz Rosner Deceit and Denial 2003 p177 Even if a few physicians epidemiologists or honest researchers can cut through the fog of deceit their acuity will not matter if the message reaches policymakers and the public Important decisions for public health need to happen faster than the deliberate pace of scientific discovery as Collins and Evans state science if it can deliver truth cannot deliver it at the speed of politics Collins Evans 2007 p2Deception necessarily involves two parties the hoaxers and the marks Collins and Evans maintain that an audience of technical experts will be difficult to deceive in technical matters which is why an art hoax or forgery should be easier to accomplish than a scientific hoax or forgery because its target can be a much less expert range of persons Collins Evans 2007 p122 However this na ve statement ignores the fact that scientific hoaxes often don t target scientific experts but rather the public at large Industry successfully perpetrated multiple large scale scientific frauds in the public sphere precisely because most people lacked the technical expertise to untangle epidemiological evidence or intelligently discuss the benefits and shortcomings of model animal studies Complicating the uestion of who knows what they are talking about even further charismatic figures with ulterior motives often receive disproportionately influential platforms from which to spread deception Well spoken dilettantes repeatedly gain media prominence as in the case of climate change denial where journalists were constantly pressured to grant the professional deniers expert status Oreskes Conway Merchants of Doubt ch6 Because interactional expertise is indistinguishable from contributory expertise per Collins Evans framework however those deniers likely would have gained expert status even without coercion As an academic exercise Collins and Evans exploration of expertise opens up important new avenues of inuiry for the sociology of scientific knowledge As a practical tool for preventing corporate crimes however their periodic table of expertise seems as useful as cigarette filters for reducing lung cancer risk The authors themselves admit that their investigations are necessarily retrospective and certain judgements about who the experts were can only be made with hindsight Collins Evans 2007 p140 Unfortunately for matters of public safety hindsight cannot stave off harm

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Rethinking Expertise summary ✓ 8 D benefit from it“Starts to lay the groundwork for solving a critical problem how to restore the force of technical scientific information in public controversies without importing disguised political agendas” Nature“A rich and detailed ‘periodic table’ of expertise full of case studies anecdotes and intriguing experiments” Times Higher Education Supplement UK. Interesting exploration of the meaning of scientific expertiseThis was one of my first forays into the world of e books I bought the Nook version and read it mostly on my Android phone I discovered that the software for the phone is really not up to what is necessary for this kind of book The images were illegible and it is very cumbersome to the point of not being worth it to look at footnotes I m afraid that my frustrations with the medium may have affected my outlook on the book so I m going to refrain from commenting much on it

  • Hardcover
  • 160
  • Rethinking Expertise
  • Harry Collins
  • English
  • 14 October 2020
  • 9780226113609