Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download


Lenin the Dictator

Read Lenin the Dictator Lenin the Dictator Download À PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Characters ´ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Victor Sebestyen Nnical and corrupt Russia he chillingly authorized the deaths of thousands of people and created a system based on the idea that political terror against opponents was justified for a greater ideal An old comrade what had once admired him said that Lenin “desired the good but created evil” This included his invention of Stalin who would take Lenin’s system of the gulag and the secret police to horrifying new heightsIn Lenin Victor Sebestyen has written a brilliant portrait of this dictator as a complex and ruthless figure and he also brings to light important new revelations about the Russian Revolution a pivotal point in modern histo. For many years historians have laid the blame for the oppressive and authoritarian regime that took root in Russia following its revolution on Joseph Stalin Names like NKVD GPU or banishment to Siberia political purges were all associated with the Russian dictator However the credit for the darkness that pervaded the former Soviet Union first must rest at the feet of Vladimir I Lenin In 1973 Alexsandr S Solzhenitsyn published the first volume of his GULAG ARCHIPELAGO and the famous Russian dissident argued that the origin of Soviet terror and the police state belong to Lenin This argument has been accepted by historians and in the latest biography of Lenin since Robert Service s excellent monograph Victor Sebestyen s LENIN THE MAN THE DICTATOR AND THE MASTER OF TERROR has taken that argument to a new level According to Sebestyen in his uest for power Lenin promised people anything and everything He offered simple solutions to complex problems He lied unashamedly He identified a scapegoat he could label enemies of the people He justified himself on the basis that winning meant everythingLenin was the godfather of what commentators a century after his time call post truth politics Anyone who has paid attention to our current political climate can easily recognize practitioners of this authoritarian approachLenin s greatest crime aside from creating the precursor of the NKVD the Cheka or the Soviet secret police is leaving a man like Stalin to assume the leadership of the Soviet Union upon his passing in 1924 Lenin built a system that rested on the concept that political terror against any opposition was justified for the greater good It was perfected by Stalin but the ideas were Lenin s Sebestyen s approach to his subject is a very personal one and he explores a number of issues in greater depth than previous books He delves deep into the relationship between Nadezhda K Krupskaya Lenin s wife who was vital to her husband and the revolution She was in charge of regulating his explosive temper and at times erratic behavior Her role was to maintain his health and be a sounding board for his ideas and writing Next the author explores Lenin s relationship with his long time mistress Inessa Armand For ten years before Lenin died they had an on off love affair She was central to his emotional life one of his closest aides and was one of the best known female socialists of her era The three Lenin Nadya and Inessa formed a m nage etois that was accepted by the women involved who had their own strong relationshipFurther what separates Sebestyen s approach from others is how he constantly reaffirms that the tactics and system developed by Lenin dominated Soviet rule until 1989 and has reasserted itself in the last decade Lenin s leadership traits seemed to have been handed down in succession from Stalin in particular to Vladimir Putin Lenin set up the Cheka and over the decades be it the GPU NKVD KGB or currently the FSB its purpose did not change protect the Party and its leadership from any perceived threat of subversion and to dispense revolutionary justice Not long ago Steve Bannon stated that Lenin wanted to destroy the state and that s my goal too The concept of deconstructing government that forms the core of Bannon s political agenda rings very closely to that of Lenin The parallels are clear and in Lenin s case underneath the superficial sophistication and personal charm he periodically put on display he was capable of acts of appalling evil Whether his approval of the use of firing suads to eliminate the opposition soon after coming to power the winter of 1917 1918 or his attitude toward the death of Russian soldiers against the Germans his refusal to distribute land to peasants as promised and the creation of the Kulak class of land owners who he destroyed the mass starvation that took place and Lenin s response to this terror were all sacrifices that were acceptable in order to achieve the larger goals of gaining and maintaining power Sebestyen effectively reviews the spreading of revolutionary fervor in Russia among the bourgeoisie dating back to the Decembrist uprisings of 1825 the assassination of Alexander II and the arrival of Marxism The Marxist ideology did not really apply to Russia because of its peasant economy and majority Lenin brilliantly argued that Russia did not need to have an Industrial Revolution based on the working class as Marx argued but could redefine Russian needs and developed through many books and pamphlets the justification of a revolution based on the peasantry It is interesting to note that Lenin had no great respect for the working classes who he proposed to make the revolution before turning to the peasantsEarly on Lenin was radicalized by the Tsarist police s murder of his brother Alexander Sasha From that point on he would work to overthrow the Tsarist monarchy Though he was brought up in a bourgeois family and periodically lived on estates Lenin had nothing but disdain for the Romanov dynasty Sebestyen s analysis of Lenin s personality the courtship of Nadya life in exile be it Siberia London Paris Geneva the creation of the Bolshevik party the role of Germany the revolution itself and the years following may be well known but the author s insights sources and analysis separate his monograph from othersSebestyen s examination of the role of newspapers in the revolution is important as he explains how the creation of Pravda and other outlets allowed Lenin to write editorials and articles and through a wide circulation was able to disseminate his ideas Lenin had the ability to correct others and have them adopt his views as if they were his own and the ability to inspire optimism and these traits enabled him to disarm the opposition and rally support among the masses The use of newspapers apart from Tsarist incompetence was major factor in creating the conditions for revolution The author pays a great deal of attention to fighting within the parties and the development of a between Bolsheviks and Mensheviks The arguments between the factions were intense and brutal as Lenin did not suffer fools gladly when people disagreed with him Sebestyen also does a good job describing Nicholas II s personality and reign The Tsar was a weak individual who was not cut out to sit on the Romanov throne It is no exaggeration to say that every major decision Nicholas II took was wrong from the choice of a wife Alexandra who compounded his own misjudgments to his disastrous decisions on war and peace It is fair to say that the Tsar did the most service in the cause of revolutionLenin believed from 1900 on that a war between the capitalist countries was inevitable When it finally came Russia was totally unprepared for a war of attrition Within two months 12 million men were killed wounded or missing This is a small sample of the disaster that would follow and led to the February abdication of the Tsar in favor of the Kerensky government and the final elevation of Lenin to power in October 1917 Sebestyen drills down deeply in presenting Lenin s strategy and ability to overcome many obstacles as the revolution approached Once it did his willingness to work with the Germans to travel to Russia is brilliant as is his ability to overcome the opposition of Party members The chapters entitled The Sealed Train and To Finland Station are emblematic of Sebestyen s assiduous research and master of historical detail as he describes the negotiations reactions to the agreement with the Kaiser s government and its reception in Russia Sebestyen s ability to integrate analysis into the flow of the narrative is an important aspect of his writing Another important component of Sebestyen s style is the use of notes at the bottom of each page which are also a fountain of historical information and analysisIt is clear that once the revolution took place Lenin laid the groundwork to rule by terror He was under no allusions when it came to the exercising of power to remain in control of the state Lenin s arguments and promises to the masses and his political opposition immediately went by the wayside as he closed down press outlets purged those who disagreed set up the Cheka and justified his actions to prevent counter revolution At the Third Congress of the Comintern in 1921 Lenin argued that We do not promise any freedom or any democracy he did not disappoint and neither did his successor Joseph StalinThe major figures of this period of Russian history are all presented examined and placed in their historical context Whether Sebestyen is writing about Leon Trotsky Georgy Plekhanov Yuli Martov Lev Kamenev Grigory Zinoviev Yakov Sverdlov Maxim Gorky Nicholas II Alexander Helphand Parvus a number of foreign diplomats and journalists Joseph Stalin and of course his wife and mistress we have a balanced account that lends to a greater understanding of the material presented Lenin is the key figure as he created the basis for a one man tyranny The terror that evolved was systematic and was not Stalin s creationA key to authoritarian rule was the creation of a cult of personality Stalin was an expert Mao took it to even greater heights but Lenin was the first After an assassination attempt where he was wounded three times a cult of Lenin would emerge as he had survived This cult was used to rally support and further the Leninist agenda The scholar Robert Service writes that the forced labor camps the one party statethe prohibition of free and popular elections the ban on internal party dissent not one of them was to be invented by StalinNot for nothing did Stalin call himself Lenin s disciple But why blame Lenin and Stalin the foundation and structure of the Russian police state had been established by Nicholas I in the 1820s This is the theme of Sebestyen s new biography of Lenin which is sure to become one of the standard works of one of the most important figures of the 20th centuryJoffe Joseph The First TotalitarianNEW YORK TIMES October 19 2017

Characters ´ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Victor Sebestyen

Read Lenin the Dictator Lenin the Dictator Download À PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Characters ´ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Victor Sebestyen Ughout Lenin’s life his closest relationships were with his mother his sisters his wife and his mistress The long suppressed story told here of the love triangle that Lenin had with his wife Nadezhda Krupskaya and his beautiful married mistress and comrade Inessa Armand reveals a complicated character than that of the coldly one dimensional leader of the Bolshevik RevolutionWith Lenin’s personal papers and those of other leading political figures now available Sebestyen gives is new details that bring to life the dramatic and gripping story of how Lenin seized power in a coup and ran his revolutionary state The product of a violent tyra. This book is thorough and clear I am glad I read it Maybe I ought to feel all excited about it urging others to grab it immediately but that is just not how I feel The book is interesting but it never grabbed my heart I never felt I had to know what would happen next Is that because there isn t all that much new information provided There are tidbits about his wife his longtime mistress and his mother but I cannot say I got to know any of the women in his life well Vladimyr Ilyich Ulyanov 1870 1924 better known as Lenin his traits are made very clear His deeds speak even if we do not get into the man s headThe book starts with the October 1917 coup probably to immediately grab readers interests Then it backtracks giving information about his family his roots We learn about his youth about his older brother Sasha who was hung From this point on it moves forward chronologically through to his death Both events in his life and the growth of the Bolshevik movement are followed Bloody Sunday of 1905 the February and October Revolutions of 1917 the civil war the defeat of the White Army the conflict between the Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks the rebellion and slaughter of the peasants the famine years dramatic changes in directives new economic policies efforts against the Orthodox Church his rages the growth of his fanaticism and the terror he wrought An ideolog willing to do anything for the cause always believing he knew best and for him always the ends justified the means This book is just as much about Bolshevism and the birth of Communism as it is about Lenin It is eual parts history and biography When appropriate background information is provided about Marx about earlier dissent against the aristocracy the Decembrists Tsar Alexander II abolishment of serfdom in 1861 Tsar Nicholas II s weak reign and overall poor political judgmentsIt was very interesting to me to see the extent to which women in Russia were involved in politics both before and after the October Revolution The audiobook is narrated by Jonathan Aris I had difficulty keeping straight some of the Russian names but I was helped a lot by the accompanying PDF file Therein is found a list of principal characters with a few lines about each There are photos These too I appreciated Maps notes a bibliography and acknowledgements are provided Aris narration is at a good speed and easy to follow I have given the narration four starsSo do I give the book three or four stars I think it is worth four It is to the point clear and presents what is known today about Lenin the women most important to him and the birth of Bolshevism That we cannot get into heads of these figures is not the author s fault there is a lack of intimate source material and nobody left to interviewI can also recommend the author s book Revolution 1989 The Fall of the Soviet Empire Four stars for both

Victor Sebestyen ↠ 2 Free download

Read Lenin the Dictator Lenin the Dictator Download À PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Characters ´ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Victor Sebestyen Victor Sebestyen’s riveting biography of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin the first major biography in English in nearly two decades is not only a political examination of one of the most important historical figures of the twentieth century but also a fascinating portrait of Lenin the manBrought up in comfort and with a passion for hunting and fishing chess and the English classics Lenin was radicalized after the execution of his brother in 1887 Sebestyen traces the story from Lenin’s early years to his long exile in Europe and return to Petrograd in 1917 to lead the first Communist revolution in history Uniuely Sebestyen has discovered that thro. Page 468my book Lenin 1920 The dictatorship means unrestrained power and the use of force not of law Page 120 Yuli Martov Lenin has no talent for friendship he uses people too much Page 138 Alexander Potresov for Lenin Marxism was not a conviction but a religion This is truly a highly impressive and readable portrait of the Russian leader who brought dictatorial communism to his countryThis will disabuse anyone of the notion that Lenin was a communist Marxist humanitarian He sought power first and foremost He violently oppressed any opposition He organized brigades some under Stalin to remove food from the peasants in the countryside which led to mass starvation Lenin hindered any attempt to aid these starving millions as foreign interferencePage 346 October 1917 Lenin knew that power could slip away at anytime which explains so much of the seventy four year history of the Soviet Union Lenin s only real concern for the rest of his life after the October Revolution in 1917 was keeping power an obsession he passed down to his successors The regime he created was largely shaped by his personality secretive suspicious intolerant ascetic intemperateLenin himself had little in common with the proletariat even less in common with Russia s massive peasant population He led a petit bourgeois life in exile and did a lot of leisure hiking in the Swiss Alps When he obtained power in 1917 there was little time for relaxation which led to his heart attacks and death in January 1924 He was a really wound up individual and would fly into fits and rages Interestingly he had a congenial relationship with his family mother and sisters and then with his wife Nadezhda and his mistress Inessa Armand this relationship was hidden from the Russian people The women in his life exerted a strong influence and supported him in the communist movement Lenin treated them with respectThe author points out that it is the failed assassination attempt on Lenin in August 1918 that signalled the beginning of the Lenin cult The cult of the personality then became a common feature of all Communist countriesLenin applied some of the features of Marxist Communism like the redistribution of wealth much of this was done violently education for all and to some extent the emancipation of women there were many women involved in the Russian revolution it was a woman who attempted to assassinate Lenin in 1918 However he kept and expanded on many aspects of Czarist Russia No autonomy was given to outlying regions There was a centralization of power now in Moscow The role of the secret police was expanded and like during the era of the Czar no laws restricted it No dissension was tolerated Nadya Lenin s widow continued even after her husband s death to remove dangerous books page 508 ridding Russia s libraries of author s like Kant and SpenglerPage 53 54 The Okhranaunder the Czar had draconian powers to detain people without trial and send them to administrative exile in Siberia and the Arctic wastes at any hint of political crimes Its power and scope were unlike anything elsewhere in Europe It became the model for the Cheka the NKVD and the KGB in the Russia of the future or indeed the FSB of the post Soviet era It invaded the lives of ordinary peopleThis book is a page turner Russian history is gripping and devastating

  • Hardcover
  • 592
  • Lenin the Dictator
  • Victor Sebestyen
  • English
  • 26 August 2020
  • 9781101871638

10 thoughts on “Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download

  1. says: Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download

    Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download Victor Sebestyen ↠ 2 Free download Read Lenin the Dictator Sebestyen delivers a straightforward easy reading biography We get to know Lenin’s thoughts emotions relationships and skills We find a mind so intense that it would not be denied Dogmatic and demanding but also politically astute he knew when to give in but always to further his power and the interests of the Party We s

  2. says: Read Lenin the Dictator Victor Sebestyen ↠ 2 Free download Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download

    Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download Page 468my book Lenin 1920 “The dictatorship means unrestrained power and the use of force not of law”Page 120 Yuli Martov “Lenin has no talent for friendship he uses people too much”Page 138 Alexander Potresov “for Lenin Marxism was not a conviction but a religion”This is truly a highly impressive and readable portrait of the

  3. says: Characters ´ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Victor Sebestyen Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download

    Read Lenin the Dictator Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download Victor Sebestyen through the life of Lenin has supplied the missing pieces for me to understand the Russian Revolution This may be because Lenin was so central to it or it may be that Sebestyen writes in clear or

  4. says: Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download Characters ´ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Victor Sebestyen Read Lenin the Dictator

    Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download Victor Sebestyen ↠ 2 Free download Read Lenin the Dictator Lenin The Man the Dictator and the Master of Terror by Victor Sebestyen is a biographical look at Vladimir Illyich Ulyanov or Lenin the founder of the Soviet Union and a life long communist revolutionary Lenin was born in provincial Russia to a fairly well off family His father worked as a school inspector in the region and his mother was a Lutheran Christian Both his parents were monarchists and conservatives and raised

  5. says: Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download

    Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download Characters ´ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Victor Sebestyen Victor Sebestyen ↠ 2 Free download This book is thorough and clear I am glad I read it Maybe I ought to feel all excited about it urging others to grab it immediately but that is just not how I feel The book is interesting but it never grabbed my heart I never felt I had to kno

  6. says: Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download

    Read Lenin the Dictator Characters ´ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Victor Sebestyen Victor Sebestyen ↠ 2 Free download How could this obstinate little manever have become so important? Stefan ZweigThe first time I saw a statue of Lenin in pe

  7. says: Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download Victor Sebestyen ↠ 2 Free download Characters ´ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Victor Sebestyen

    Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download Mr Sebestyen has produced the most interesting and readable of biographies of Lenin His main focus is on his subject's personal life with surprising detail on his family This is also the only biography to go in to detail about Lenin's relation

  8. says: Victor Sebestyen ↠ 2 Free download Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download

    Characters ´ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Victor Sebestyen Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download I should imagine that a person of Lenin's legacy deserves a multi volume exhaustive biography Robert A Caro Irwin F Gellma

  9. says: Characters ´ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Victor Sebestyen Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download

    Read Lenin the Dictator Characters ´ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Victor Sebestyen Victor Sebestyen ↠ 2 Free download For many years historians have laid the blame for the oppressive and authoritarian regime that took root in Rus

  10. says: Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download

    Lenin the Dictator E–pub Download When we think of the Soviet Union we mostly think of it as a fully realized totalitarian state We think of Stalin of World War II and of the Cold War Lenin is a shadowy figure to most of us usually lumped in with the chaos that preceded and surrounded the Russian Revolution As a result biographies of Stalin and histories of the Cold War are a dime a dozen but there are few objective biographies of Lenin Lenin though was

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *